Violence and abuse occur in all age groups, at all socioeconomic levels, and throughout all of society’s structure. This paper reviews a sampling of the literature that supports the contention that violence and abuse lead to a significant increase in health care utilization and costs. Includes a graph that illustrates the conditions and health risk behaviors that are known or suspected to have a correlation with lifetime exposure to abuse.

Hidden Costs in Health Care: The Economic Impact of Violence and Abuse

Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health by Sandra L. Martin and Rebecca J. Macy with contributions from Janice A. Mirabassi (June 2009) This Applied Research paper provides a brief overview of research on the impact of sexual violence on females' high-risk health behaviors and reproductive health, focusing on studies of sexual assault or rape experienced primarily during adulthood. Sexual Violence Against Women: Impact on High-Risk Health Behaviors and Reproductive Health

This two page fact sheet talks about the devastating consequences of sexual violence in detention and the extreme challenges that survivors may face.
Mental health consequences of sexual violence in detention

Through this report, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) shares its experience inproviding medical care, counselling and other forms of support to thousandsof victims of sexual violence in many countries around the world. The report is partly born out of outrage about the inexcusable acts that these people have been subjected to and the damage inflicted upon their lives. It demonstrates why it is imperative to make immediate care available, and truly accessible, for those who have been sexually assaulted. MSF hopes that this report will inform and inspire health officials, aid workers and others who should be involved in providing such support.Shattered Lives: Immediate Medical Care Vital for Sexual Violence Victims 

This CD tutorial program and implementation guide are tools to help  strengthen a current program or launch a new one. The purpose of this guide is to help you implement “Screening Patients for Sexual Violence” and provide you with a menu of options to most effectively use it within the community you serve.


This VAWnet Applied Research document describes current research findings on the effects of childhood and adulthood sexual victimization on women’s mental health.
The Psychological Consequences of Sexual Trauma

This VAWnet Applied Research document provides a review and critique of current trends in mental health assessment and treatment for sexual trauma survivors with an emphasis on early intervention. Current Trends in Psychological Assessment and Treatment Approaches for Survivors of Sexual Trauma

This report presents information on the consequences of rape and sexual assault for female victims. The study provides the percentages of completed rape, attempted rape, and sexual assault of females that were reported to the police in 1992-2000. The report provides the percentage of victims that were injured and treated from a completed rape, attempted rape, or sexual assault. It presents the percentage of those who reported to the police, and the percentage of those victims who received treatment and whose victimization was reported to the police.
Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention, 1992-2000

This booklet is a tool for healthcare providers to screen patients for sexual assault histories. It adapts the SAVE method from the Florida Council Against Sexual Violence and includes special considerations for immediate victims, comorbid conditions, pregnancy/gynecological care, patients with disabilities, males, adolescents and children.
Put Down the Chart, Pick Up the Questions: A Guide to Working with Survivors of Sexual Violence

This report presents findings from a survey of publicly operated forensic crime labs that perform DNA testing.
Survey of DNA Crime Laboratories, 2001

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