This guide focuses on adapting advocacy skills to help young people who experience homelessness and sexual violence build resiliency and lessen their traumas. It has three aims: (a) to provide an overview for the intersections between identity, trauma experiences, and resiliency among youth who are homeless; (b) to highlight core skills and techniques for advocates; and (c) to discuss how to tailor these skills in order to improve services for youth who identify as LGBTQ.

Also available is an infographic, Homeless Youth & Sexual Violence, which illustrates statistics that show the link between youth homelessness and sexual violence.

For more about the topic of homelessness, access the Housing and Sexual Violence Information Packet and the Link Between Housing & Sexual Violence infographic.

 

Young people who are homeless also often are sexually assaulted. You can help by listening to youth who have been harmed by homelessness and sexual violence. Your support can make a positive difference in their lives over time. (see references)

This infographic is a companion piece to the guide, Linking the Roads: Working with Youth Who Experience Homelessness and Sexual Violence.

For more about the topic of homelessness, access the Housing and Sexual Violence Information Packet and the Link Between Housing & Sexual Violence infographic.

infographic

REFERENCES
NUMBER OF HOMELESS YOUNG PEOPLE 

The National Alliance to End Homelessness. (2014). Youth. Retrieved from http://www.endhomelessness.org/pages/youth

The National Alliance to End Homelessness. (2014). LGBTQ youth. Retrieved from http://www.endhomelessness.org/pages/lgbtq-youth

RUNAWAY YOUTH

The Administration on Children, Youth and Families. (2002). Sexual abuse among homeless adolescents: Prevalence,correlates, and sequelae. Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/sex_abuse_hmless.pdf

Durso, L. E., & Gates, G. J. (2012). Serving our youth: Findings from a national survey of service providers working with lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless. Retrieved from The Williams Institute: http://williamsinstitute.law.ucla.edu/wp-content/uploads/Durso-Gates-LGB...

National Network for Youth. (n.d.). Consequences of youth homelessness. Retrieved from http://www.nn4youth.org/system/files/IssueBrief_Youth_Homelessness.pdf

HOMELESS YOUTH

The Administration on Children, Youth and Families. (2002). Sexual abuse among homeless adolescents: Prevalence, correlates, and sequelae. Retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/sex_abuse_hmless.pdf

National Network for Youth. (n.d.). Consequences of youth homelessness. Retrieved from
http://www.nn4youth.org/system/files/IssueBrief_Youth_Homelessness.pdf

Cray, A., Miller, K., & Durso, L. E. (2013). Seeking shelter: The experiences and unmet needs of LGBT homeless youth. Retrieved from the Center for American Progress:
http://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/LGBTHomelessY...

Did you know there’s a link between sexual violence and housing? Sexual violence can jeopardize a person’s housing. Lack of housing or inadequate shelter can increase the risk for sexual violence. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly 10 percent of women and 8 percent men who experienced housing insecurity in the past year had a higher prevalence of intimate partner violence. This infographic explores the intersections between housing and sexual violence. For more information on this topic, download the Housing and Sexual Violence Information Packet. (see references) Housing-infographic-cover

INFOGRAPHIC REFERENCES
Housing insecurity and intimate partner violence
Breiding, M. J., Chen J., & Black, M. C. (2014). Intimate partner violence in the United States — 2010. Retrieved from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/pdf/cdc_nisvs_ipv_report_2013_v17_...

Assaults in the home
Colombino, N., Mercado, C. C., & Jeglic, E. L. (2009). Situational aspects of sexual offending: Implications for residence restriction laws. Justice
Research and Policy, 11, 27-43. doi:10.3818/JRP.11.2009.27

Youth leaving home
Cray, A., Miller, K., & Durso, L. E. (2013). Seeking shelter: The experiences and unmet needs of LGBT homeless youth. Retrieved from the Center
for American Progress: http://www.americanprogress.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/LGBTHomelessY...

Estes, R., & Weiner, N. (2001). Commercial sexual exploitation of children in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Retrieved from the University
of Pennsylvania: http://www.sp2.upenn.edu/restes/CSEC_Files/Complete_CSEC_020220.pdf

Victims relocating
Keeley, T. (2006). Landlord sexual assault and rape of tenants: Survey findings and advocacy approaches. Clearinghouse Review: Journal of
Poverty Law and Policy, 40 (7-8), 441-450.

Witnessing an assault
Kipke, M., Simon, T., Montgomery, S., Unger, J., & Iverson, E. (1997). Homeless youth and their exposure to and involvement in violence
while living on the streets. Journal of Adolescent Health, 20, 360-367. doi:10.1016/S1054-139X(97)00037-2

Victims of physical or sexual violence
Kushel, M. B., Evans, J. L., Perry, S., Robertson, M. J., & Moss, A.R. (2003). No door to lock: Victimization among homeless and
marginally housed persons. Archives of Internal Medicine, 163, 2492-2499. doi:10.1001/archinte.163.20.2492

Commercial sexual exploitation
Estes, R., & Weiner, N. (2001). Commercial sexual exploitation of children in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Retrieved from the University
of Pennsylvania. http://www.sp2.upenn.edu/restes/CSEC_Files/Complete_CSEC_020220.pdf

 

The National Alliance to End Sexual Violence created a one page fact sheet describing the housing protections implemented by the Violence Against Women Act and implications for survivors of sexual violence.

This report presents findings on the intersections between food access, water, sanitation, housing and the incidence of sexual violence in camps for displaced persons outside of Port-au-Prince, Haiti. It also provides recommendations for action to improve access to basic needs and prevent sexual violence.

Read this report.

Sexual assault is a most intimate crime, and when it happens in our most intimate sanctuaries—our homes—the trauma is devastating and difficult to escape. Healing from sexual violence can only happen on a foundation of safety and safety starts with home. In this paper, we will consider issues and advocacy related to emergency shelter and longer-term housing for sexual violence survivors.
 
See also, NSVRC Housing and Sexual Violence special collection.

Safe, affordable, and stable housing can be a protective factor against both sexual violence perpetration and victimization. In 2008, the National Sexual Violence Resource Center partnered with the Victims Rights Law Center, National Sexual Assault Coalition Resource Sharing Project, Louisiana Foundation Against Sexual Assault, University of New Hampshire, and Pennsylvania Community Legal Services to develop and conduct a national survey on housing and sexual violence. The information gained from this study led to the development of several resources to support advocacy at the intersections of housing and sexual violence.

This information packet includes: the National Survey of Advocates on Sexual Violence, Housing, and the Violence Against Women Act; an overview; a fact sheet; an online resource collection; a technical assistance bulletin; a research brief; an infographic; and an advocate's guide to housing and sexual violence.

Housing & Sexual Violence Research Brief Cover with image of doorThis research brief explores the relationship between housing issues, homelessness, and sexual violence. The research reviewed indicates that residents of subsidized housing and people who are homeless experience disproportionate rates of sexual violence.

This brief is part of the Housing and Sexual Violence Information Packet. This packet also includes: the National Survey of Advocates on Sexual Violence, Housing, and the Violence Against Women Act; an overview; a fact sheet; an online resource collection; a technical assistance bulletin; and an advocate's guide to housing and sexual violence.
 
 

 

The relationship between sexual violence and housing is multi-layered and complex. Safe and affordable housing is a protective factor against sexual violence (both victimization and perpetration) and a basic need in recovering from a sexual assault. The majority of sexual assaults take place in or near victims’ homes or the homes of friends, relatives, or neighbors. Because of this, many victims wish to relocate after their sexual assaults, but often find they cannot do so because of limited resources. The effects of sexual violence can create an economic downward spiral for many victims, jeopardizing their access to safe and affordable housing. Homelessness increases the risks for both sexual violence perpetration and victimization.

This collection was developed by the National Sexual Violence Resource Center to assist communities in developing more effective strategies to address this complex issue. Additional resources, including book titles, articles, reports, and journals can be found by browsing the library at the National Sexual Violence Resource Center or sending information requests to resources@nsvrc.org.
 

Safe, affordable housing is not only a basic human right and need; safe, affordable housing is a critical component of the healing process for sexual violence victims and survivors. Too many victims and survivors lose their housing as a result of sexual violence or find themselves trapped in homes where they have to endure further sexual victimization because there are no other affordable, safe options. When public policies and practices are informed by the housing needs of sexual violence victims and survivors, society can do much to alleviate the burden of sexual violence not only on individual victims and survivors, but on larger communities. This report provides a summary of key findings from a national survey of advocates on housing and sexual violence.

This report is a part of the Housing and Sexual Violence Information Packet. The packet also includes: an overview; a fact sheet; a research brief; an online resource collection; a technical assistance bulletin; and an advocate's guide to housing and sexual violence.

 

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